In this section we will show you detailed steps on how to configure Cloud Tiering to automatically detect and tier cold data to your Google Cloud Storage buckets. We’re going to assume that you already have a NetApp login and are on the Cloud Central web portal.
Note: Before you start, you will need to make some preparations, described in the quick start page, in order to complete the Cloud Tiering set-up process.
1. Begin by selecting Cloud Tiering in the web portal. This will take you to the welcome page of the service.
Click “Let’s Start, Discover Your First Cluster” to proceed.
2. Finding your cluster will let Cloud Tiering connect to your on-prem deployment. You’ll need your cluster management IP address, your user name, and password.
Once you enter all the required info, click “Discover Cluster.”
3. When discovering your first cluster, you will receive a message that you need a service connector to continue. A NetApp Service Connector is a software that runs on top of a Google Cloud Compute instance that communicates with your ONTAP clusters, Google Cloud Storage and the Cloud Tiering service.
To create one, click on “Create a Service Connector.”
4. In the next screen you’ll select the cloud service provider where you want the Service Connector to be deployed and whose object storage you want to use to tier your cold data.
Since we are setting up tiering to Google Cloud Storage, select the Google Cloud icon to continue.
5. Next, you’ll configure some of the basic settings for your Service Connector deployment.
When all of the information is set, click “Continue.”
- Next you’ll enter your location info. This will include your:
- Public IP
Make sure that the VPC you select permits outbound HTTPS connections so that the Service Connector can communicate with your ONTAP clusters, Google Cloud Storage, and the Cloud Tiering service.
Click “Continue” when you are done.
7. Next, you’ll set up a firewall policy for the Service Connector compute instance. Create a new policy and enter the information below. Make sure that you specify the correct source in the HTTP, HTTPS, and SSH access rules.
When you’re done, click on “Go” to proceed.
8. Your Service Connector deployment will now begin.
As you can see here, it’s important to keep this page open as the deployment is taking place, as it will take a few minutes. Once complete, you’ll automatically be redirected to the Cluster Dashboard.
9. When the deployment is complete, you’ll be taken to Cloud Tiering’s Cluster Dashboard. Here you’ll see the health of the cluster, the total savings currently, and the potential savings based on the cold data detected in your cluster.
Click on “Set Up Tiering” to begin setting up your Google Cloud Storage bucket.
10. Next, Cloud Tiering will automatically provision a Google Cloud Storage bucket where your cold data will be stored. If you already have a bucket, you can use that too, but for the purposes of this article we’ll assume that you’re brand new to the cloud.
Select “Add a new bucket” and enter a name for it and the Google Cloud region in the location field. When you’re done, click on “Continue”.
11. You’ll now pick a Google Cloud Storage storage class. There are several different options to Google Cloud Storage to choose from, each optimized for a different usage pattern and availability. Note, however, that currently the Cloud Tiering service only supports the Standard storage class, with the rest coming soon:
- Standard is ideal for data that will need to be used with some frequency, such as application data. Data availability is 99.9%.
- Nearline is probably the storage class most inline with the vision of Cloud Tiering, as the data stored here is not meant to be accessed frequently. Note that data in Nearline is slightly less available than in Standard, with only 99.95% availability.
- Coldline: This storage class is for archive data that is hardly ever accessed, if ever. While it is the least expensive class it also comes with an added cost to access data. Cloud Tiering is not yet available for the Coldline storage class.
12. Next, enter your Google Cloud credentials. These include:
- Access Key
- Secret Key
When you are done, click “Continue.”
13. Enter the name of your IPSpace that you want to connect to the cloud.
Click “Continue” when you are done.
14. You’ll arrive at a screen telling you that your Cloud Tiering connectivity is now in place.
You are now ready to begin tiering volumes to the cloud. Click “Continue” to get started.
15. Using the “pen” icon on the right, select the volume that you want to tier from the auto-generated list.
16. When the volume’s tiering attributes appear, you will be able to select the tiering policy you want to use. You will also be able to adjust the cooling period (for “Cold user data” and “Cold snapshots” policies).
In this case, we are choosing the “Cold user data” policy (Auto) and adjusting the cooling period to 12 days. To finish, click “Apply.”
17. You’ll now see in the list of detected volumes that the volumes you specified for tiering are marked as such.
18. If you navigate back to the cluster dashboard, you’ll see that it now shows the volumes that you are tiering to the cloud and the expected savings per these volumes.
19. By clicking on “More info,” you’ll be able to see the proportion of the data across the board that Cloud Tiering has identified as cold in your on-prem system, the current amount in the cloud, and general info on your cluster and the object storage used.
20. In the licensing tab, you can review all of your clusters and the type of license used. For additional subscriptions, select one of the two payment options: Bring Your Own License or Pay As You Go.
And that’s it! You’re all set to tier data to Google Cloud Storage.
Now That Your Tiering Is Set Up...
You’re about to begin an exciting journey in the cloud, but before you start tiering, you may want to get a better idea of when to tier data and why. For more on Cloud Tiering, visit the Cloud Tiering service documentation site.